Exercise and Sport Massage
Many studies have been conducted on the effects of sports massage on athletes. Most of these studies have produced contradictory results. One study that compared professional athletes with their counterparts found no significant difference in muscle soreness among the groups. Another study that compared professional athletes to controls showed significant improvement in muscle pain for athletes who had massage. However there was no signifi cant improvements in the health of those who didn't receive massage. Another study comparing active athletes and nonathletes yielded similar results as the previous studies.
Although there aren't conclusive studies showing that sports massage improves athletic performance However, numerous studies have found that it can aid athletes in recovering faster. In one study, scientists discovered that massages helped reduce the recovery time of athletes participating in a high-intensity workout. Another study found that athletes who were subjected a maximum workload regimen were significantly more efficient than those who were given a Sports massage. In a separate study, the therapists who used sports massage showed a definite improvement in physical performance of overweight adolescent girls.
A study comparing the production of lactic acid in the injured and control groups found no difference. However, researchers concluded that the effects of massage depend on the person it's being given to. Researchers found that lactic acids were produced at a higher level in the control group than they were in the exercise group, and were quite low after the session. However the injured group had a higher lactic acid level and it remained higher after the session. A possible reason for this finding is the increased production of lactic acids may decrease the pain threshold of an injured patient and result in greater perceived effort during exercise.
There are a myriad of theories on how sport massage can enhance athletic performance. A faster recovery for athletes after injury is possible according to physiologists. This theory also suggests that athletes can benefit from strengthening their shoulders and arms by stretching the superficial muscles. A different theory is that the smaller, tighter muscles of the lower body may help to shorten the recovery time for athletes who engage in explosive sports during competition. A strong core of abdominal muscles can prevent spasms and cramps that happen to athletes during intense exercise.
Sports massage can help athletes increase their flexibility and muscle strength. It has been known that muscles get limber and more receptive to training and movement once they are stretched. However as athletes continue to exercise their muscles, they eventually become tight and limit their motion. To ease the pain in their muscles, athletes must perform exercises to loosen up tight muscle groups. Massage therapy for sports can help with this.
Studies have revealed that athletes tellingmassage.com/ feel a significant increase in cortisol levels when they exercise or performing high intensity. This stress hormone is a signal for physical stress. Studies have proven that cortisol improves the strength of muscles and endurance in low intensity exercise. In the study, endurance performance was measured before and after athletes performed 30 sprints. During sprints, muscle twitch activation was measured and the results indicated an increase in strength after the sprints.
Glycogen in muscles increased muscle strength. Glycogen is a source of energy that muscles use during intense exercising. When an athlete's body undergoes a period of high intensity physical exertion it releases large amounts of glycogen to replenish energy lost during sprints. A study carried out by researchers at the University of Northumbria in the UK revealed that short sprints prior to an event of competitive cycling produced a significant increase in muscle glycogen.
These studies have proven that massage therapy for sports can be beneficial to athletes, both during and after intense workouts. The studies were conducted on healthy non-athletes. If you suffer from any medical condition that affect circulation such as diabetes, kidney disease, or high blood pressure, it is recommended to consult with your physician prior to beginning any therapy.